(Rutgers University) Microscopic particles in air pollution inhaled by pregnant women may damage fetal cardiovascular development, according to a study by Rutgers researchers.The study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, found that early in the first trimester and late in the third trimester were critical windows during which pollutants most affect the mother’s and fetus’ cardiovascular systems.
(Pensoft Publishers) During surveys in the Upper Guinea forest zone of Liberia and Guinea, scientists discovered snakes later identified as a new to science species. It belongs to the stiletto snakes, spectacular for their unusual skulls, allowing them to stab sideways with a fang sticking out of the corner of their mouths. The discovery, published in the open-access journal Zoosystematics and Evolution, is further evidence supporting the status of the region as unique in its biodiversity.
(UK Biobank) Vast tranche of new data available from UK Biobank, offering unprecedented resource to enhance understanding of human biology and aid in therapeutic discovery.
(University of British Columbia) Two surveys taken 11 years apart show a 13-per-cent decrease in the amount of fruit and vegetables being consumed by Canadians, new University of British Columbia research has found. And while consumption of milk and dairy products also declined during the study period between 2004 and 2015, Canadians were eating more meat and alternatives in 2015 than they were a decade earlier.
(Canadian Museum of Nature) Two Canadian biologists propose a better way to assess the conservation value of North American old-growth forests — using lichens, sensitive bioindicators of environmental change. Old-growth forests are usually defined by tree age, but the authors argue this overlooks the importance of biodiversity in those habitats. Lichens are the ideal candidates to measure this biodiversity. Scorecards with suites of lichens specific to these forests can be developed for use by conservation biologists and forest managers.
(Cornell University) Using data on 77 North American migratory bird species from the eBird citizen-science program, scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology say that, in as little as four decades, it may be very difficult to predict how climate change will affect migratory bird populations and the ecosystems they inhabit. Their conclusions are presented in a paper published in the journal Ecography.
(University of South Florida (USF Innovation)) Study explains the psychological and neural basis of how responsible people can fail to remember to do something in the future, creating the potential to make a fatal error.
(University of Tasmania) A new IMAS and CSIRO collaborative study has found that balloons are the highest-risk plastic debris item for seabirds — 32 times more likely to kill than ingesting hard plastics.Researchers from IMAS, CSIRO and ACE CRC looked at the cause of death of 1733 seabirds from 51 species and found that one in three of the birds had ingested marine debris.
(University of Bonn) Almost all land plants employ an army of editors who correct errors in their genetic information. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now transferred parts of this machinery into a bacterium. Their results confirm a controversial thesis on the functioning of this widespread mechanism. They have now been published in the journal Communications Biology of the Nature Publishing Group.
(National Institute for Environmental Studies) Climate change affects multiple sectors in virtually every part of the world. Impacts on one sector may influence other sectors, which we call ‘interconnections of climate risks’. Our easy-to-understand risk maps and flowcharts show how changes in climate impact natural and socio-economic systems, ultimately affecting human security, health, and well-being. Our methodology can be used as a communication tool to inform decision makers, stakeholders, and the public about the cascading risks triggered by climate change.
(International Food Policy Research Institute) Expansion and utilization of one of India’s largest government-run community-based nutrition programs increased significantly between 2006 and 2016, especially among historically disadvantaged castes and tribes. But, women with low education and the poorest households are relatively more excluded from accessing program benefits. Among states too, while overall utilization has improved, high malnutrition states are relatively lagging.
(SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry) Humans have a “disproportionately huge effect” on the other species of vertebrates that share Earth’s surface with us, causing more than 25 percent of the deaths among an array of species all over the globe, according to a recently published study.
(Binghamton University) The quality of your marriage could be affected by your genes, according to new research conducted at Binghamton University, State University of New York.
(American Society of Agronomy) Gypsum, a source of calcium and sulfur, can benefit crops and soils. When recovered from power plant smokestacks, it brings the additional benefits of recycling.
(Wiley) Although elk typically adapt to forest disturbances such as forest fires and logging, a new Journal of Wildlife Management study found that during the summer, elk avoided areas with extensive tree mortality that has occurred due to the bark-beetle epidemic in the northern portions of the Rocky Mountains in the United States.
(University of British Columbia) Flexing a single elbow joint enables gulls to adapt their wing shape to gusty conditions, according to new University of British Columbia (UBC) research–a relatively simple mechanism that could inspire improved aircraft design.
(Osaka City University) A new quantum algorithm has been implemented for quantum chemical calculations on quantum computers to predict complex chemical reactions without exponential/combinatorial explosion, giving exact solutions of Schroedinger Equations for chemistry, for the first time.
(Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute) Robert Korneluk, C.M., has been appointed as a Member of the Order of Canada. He is one of the 103 new appointments to the Order of Canada made by Her Excellency the Right Honourable Julie Payette, Governor General of Canada, today. This is the first time a Scientist at the CHEO Research Institute has been appointed to the Order of Canada.
(University of Michigan) A new University of Michigan study of interbreeding between two species of howler monkeys in Mexico is yielding insights into the forces that drive the evolution of new species.
(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) Fire impacts on global carbon cycle. The damage to ecosystem productivity not only occurs in fire regimes, but also over the downwind areas through long-range transport of air pollution. Such negative impacts may exacerbate in the future as fire activities are expected to escalate in a warming climate.