(University of Waterloo) A University of Waterloo researcher has spearheaded the development of the first computational model of the human kidney.
(Wiley) New research indicates that colorectal cancer diagnosed at an early age has clinical and genetic features that are different from those seen in traditional colorectal cancer diagnosed later in life. Published early online in CANCER, the study also revealed certain unique features in especially young patients and those with predisposing conditions.
(American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology) A new study published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows urban children with poorly controlled asthma, particularly those who are ethnic minorities, also suffer academically. Kids who were kept home due to asthma symptoms weren’t able to do as well in the classroom.
(Seattle Children’s) The first findings to result from a collaboration between Seattle Children’s Research Institute and Microsoft data scientists provides expecting mothers new information about how smoking before and during pregnancy contributes to the risk of an infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly before their first birthday.
(NIH/National Institute of Mental Health) A new study found nearly one-third of youth ages 10 to 12 years screened positive for suicide risk in emergency departments. As part of a larger study on youth suicide risk screening in emergency departments, researchers at NIMH and collaborators explored how frequently preteen youth ages 10 to 12 screened positive for suicide risk. Notably, 7 percent of the preteens who screened positive for suicide risk were seeking help for physical – not psychiatric – concerns.
(Burness) TB Alliance’s new drug application (NDA) for the novel tuberculosis (TB) drug candidate pretomanid has been accepted for review by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
(Technical University of Denmark) Sewage can reveal the occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria among healthy populations, an international study led by the Technical University of Denmark shows.
(University of Edinburgh) Researchers have uncovered details of the role played by a key biological component involved in healthy cell development.
(University of Montreal) Spending too much time watching TV in their room can harm preschoolers’ development, an UniversitÃ© de MontrÃ©al study finds.
(FAIR Health) This briefing paper seeks to bring needed clarity to the feverish, ongoing surprise billing debate underway on the state and federal level. In this brief, we tease apart the threads to the surprise billing debate with the intent of increasing clarity about the implications of various legislative choices. To that end, we include data visualizations that use our independent data as a lens to illuminate those choices.
(Forschungsverbund Berlin) Given the importance and wide distribution of Influenza A viruses, it is surprising how little is known about infections of wild mammals. A new study led by Alex D. Greenwood and GÃ¡bor Ã�. CzirjÃ¡k of the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (Leibniz-IZW) in Berlin sheds light on which species are commonly infected and why.
(Wiley) In a Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology study, poor cognitive function in older adults was associated with poorer oral health and higher risk of tooth loss in later life.
(Wiley) Knee pain was not associated with daily walking levels in an Arthritis Care & Research study of individuals with mild to moderate symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.
(New York University) NYU Abu Dhabi researchers have found that the availability of both visual and haptic information for a target object significantly improves reach-to-grasp actions, demonstrating that the nervous system utilizes both types of information to optimize movement execution. The findings are featured in the journal Scientific Reports.
(Marine Biological Laboratory) Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have identified gene ‘partners’ in the axolotl salamander that, when activated, allow the neural tube and associated nerve fibers to functionally regenerate after severe spinal cord damage. Interestingly, these genes are also present in humans, though they are activated in a different manner. Their results are published this week in Nature Communications Biology.
(Wiley) A new study published in Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews points to the benefits of exercise, especially resistance training (RT), for preventing type 2 diabetes.
(University of Montreal) Montreal research team unravels an adaptive mechanism involved in controlling insulin action, showing that glucagon plays a crucial part in it and can thus be a protective asset.
(Wiley) Individuals who take cholesterol-lowering statins may be at higher risk for developing high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance, and eventually type 2 diabetes, according to an analysis published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.
(Arizona State University) Without an intact hippocampus, forming new memories is impossible. Researchers from Arizona State University and Stanford University found an equally important role for the hippocampus: feeding information to brain areas responsible for learning. Using fMRI, the research team found it was the hippocampus that encoded associations between relevant features of the environment during learning and that the associations encoded in the hippocampus were used by brain systems responsible for learning.
(Rutgers University) American smokers mistakenly think that using snus, a type of moist snuff smokeless tobacco product, is as dangerous as smoking tobacco, according to a Rutgers study. The study provides new research on what smokers think about snus, a Swedish style product that is popular in Scandinavia, but newer to the United States.