A study using EEG shows how the brain re-prioritizes information following changes in the environment. Past memory cues can have different effects on neural representations based on when they’re presented, suggesting that the brain has several different mechanisms to help boost memory performance following a sudden change in the priority or relevance of a given piece of information. Findings suggest that the brain can use several different methods to re-prioritize mental representations depending on how long they’ve been stored.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has updated its 2012 recommendations for cervical cancer screening with one important addition. This is the first time they are recommending a method of cervical cancer screening that does not include the Pap test – the gold-standard screening test for more than 75 years. A leading OB/GYN physician provides an important review of these new guidelines, which preserve the greatest range of choices for practitioners and patients.
A study examined anxiety, depression, social withdrawal, and submissiveness to predict the end of teen friendships. Do friendships end because of one child’s mental health problems or do they end because of differences between friends on the degree to which each friend suffers from these problems? A key finding shows that children’s personal struggles need not adversely impact their social relationships, and mental health issues do not necessarily ruin their chances of making and maintaining worthwhile friendships.
Through a detailed genetic study of kinship, an international team is the first to demonstrate that just like human societies, beluga whales appear to value culture as well as their ancestral roots and family ties. They have demonstrated that related whales returned to the same locations year after year, and even generation after generation.
Using data from male inmates in 23 maximum-security prisons, researchers looked at factors related to fear of rape and likelihood of requesting mental health treatment while incarcerated. They focused on those at most risk of being victimized: gay or bisexual inmates and those with a history of childhood sexual abuse.
In the wake of a mass shooting that took the lives of 17 students and teachers at a South Florida high school, a vast majority of Floridians support stricter gun laws, including a ban on assault-style rifles, universal background checks and raising the minimum age for gun purchasers, according to a statewide survey by the Florida Atlantic University Business and Economics Polling Initiative (FAU BEPI).
To address embarrassing, inconvenient and costly male fertility testing, researchers from FAU are developing a home-based kit that accurately, quantitatively, and quickly, provides a complete semen evaluation using microfluidics, an app and a smartphone. After all, if women can use pregnancy tests in the comfort and privacy of their own homes, men also should be able to test their semen at home without any hassles.
To address the national shortage in STEM (science-technology-engineering and math) career-oriented students, the FAU Brain Institute has received a $780,000 grant from the Stiles-Nicholson Foundation to launch an innovative program targeted at middle and high school students in Palm Beach County.
FAU, in collaboration with Boca Raton Regional Hospital and Tenet HealthCare system’s Delray Medical Center, has received approval for a four-year, categorical neurology residency program.
Researchers have found that differences in the production of the neuropeptide Hypocretin, previously implicated in human narcolepsy, may explain variation in sleep between animal species, or even between individual people. It may also provide important insight into how we might build a brain that does not need to sleep.
Lawrence Toll’s ground-breaking research on opioid-related systems, and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, as well as his identification and characterization of endogenous neuropeptides, have opened new avenues of research and identified novel drug targets.
A new study of nursing homes in California, the nation’s largest system, found that some nursing homes inflate their self-assessment reporting to improve their score in the Five-Star Quality Rating System employed by Medicare to help consumers.
A newly hatched sea turtle should be able to crawl from its nest to the ocean in a couple of minutes if everything goes as nature planned. Speed is key and their survival depends heavily on their ability to swim. Disoriented hatchlings who eventually make it to the ocean expend massive amounts of energy because what was supposed to take a couple of minutes now takes hours to accomplish. FAU scientists are the first to examine the physiological effects of extended crawling and swimming performan…
A new partnership between FAU and MPFI will establish an undergraduate honors program in neuroscience that will be the first of its kind across the globe.
A medical condition that puzzled physicians, scientists and veterinarians, and remained obscure for decades, was long known by indigenous peoples in Colombia.
Different head shapes and different body sizes of hammerhead sharks should result in differences in their swimming performance right? Researchers from FAU have conducted the first study to examine the whole body shape and swimming kinematics of two closely related yet very different hammerhead sharks, with some unexpected results.
With disease-modifying treatment trials for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) currently unsuccessful and only medications to treat symptoms available, what now? A leading neuroscientist has developed the “Dementia Prevention Initiative,” which abandons generalized ways to research and treat AD. His secret weapon: a novel “N-of-1 design” that tailors medicine down to a single patient. Instead of conducting a conventional trial of 100 people all getting the same treatment, he has switched it around and is …