When listeners engage with music, they follow its sounds closely. But what is it about music that keeps the audience engaged? A recent study charts new ground in understanding the neural responses to music.
Researchers have identified a gene that increases the risk for a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to the commonly prescribed antibiotic vancomycin.
When we listen to loud sounds, our hearing may become impaired for a short time. Researchers have discovered a mechanism that helps to explain how this happens.
An annual influenza season forecasting challenge issued by the US Centers for Disease Control provides unique insight into epidemic forecasting, according to a new study.
A study has used eye-tracking techniques to analyze the processes of selective attention that determine the way in which we explore and interact with our environment. Researchers studied the movements of the eyes when observing different decorative patterns represented in prehistoric ceramic objects. The results indicate that there is a parallel evolution between the cognitive processes, the development of material culture, and social complexity.
Sewage can reveal the occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria among healthy populations, an international study shows.
Weaving stories and intriguing names into children’s education about the natural world could help to engage them with species’ conservation messages, new research shows.
New research shows that, in women who develop gestational diabetes (GDM) during pregnancy, the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the years following childbirth is doubled compared to women who do not develop GDM.
A new journal article by researchers in the Global Health Justice and Governance program at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health argues that the Expanded Global Gag Rule is having a chilling effect, dampening debate, advocacy, and collaboration around abortion and other sexual and reproductive rights.
A host protein called Serum Amyloid A (Saa) is a major factor mediating the effects of the microbiota on the function of immune cells called neutrophils, according to a new study.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can convert a harmless, inhaled protein antigen into an allergen, according to a new study.
New research lays foundation for upcoming clinical trial for patients with epidermolysis bullosa.
One of the most important protein signaling systems that controls neuronal guidance consists of the cell surface receptor ‘Robo’ and its cognate external guidance cue ‘Slit.’ The deficit of either of these proteins results in defects in brain structure and function. Researchers have now discovered the intricate molecular mechanism that allows the guidance receptor ‘Robo’ to react to signals in its environment, while avoiding premature activity that can lead to harmful outcomes.
The recent measles outbreaks across the country emphasize the importance of vaccinations.
Researchers have generated a new mouse model that mimics human acne for the first time, and used it to validate the concept of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ acne bacteria and introduce new possibilities for targeted treatments and vaccines.
Accumulated evidence suggests that physical force plays an important role in various developmental processes of fertilized animal eggs. During embryogenesis, a variety of cell populations actively migrate and change their positions, generating various types of force (e.g., traction force, compression force) that influence the properties of surrounding tissues. This in turn enables normal development where tissue arrangement is highly orchestrated. However, how embryonic cells and tissues respond to these forces remains poorly understood.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) reduces symptoms of severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during stimulation of either the ventral capsule (VC) or anteromedial subthalamic nucleus (amSTN), according to a new study.
Prior antibiotic exposure and use of acid suppressing medications known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk for hospitalized children to contract dangerous Clostridioides difficile infections, according to a new study.
People with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) could benefit from a moderate increase in water intake, according to new research.
Deciding when an athlete can return to the game after a head injury makes managing the treatment of sports-related concussions very complicated. Scientists are teaching machines how to predict recovery time from sports-related concussions based on symptoms like headache, dizziness and fatigue. Results from their study can be used as the foundation for a decision support system that would help clinicians to develop individualized treatment for injured athletes.