Researchers have found a mechanism that links epigenetic changes to translational control during fear memory reconsolidation — several particular epigenetic changes in the hippocampus of the rat brain control downstream regulation of translation in brain neurons, acting through a gene called Pten.
A study comparing two breathing tubes used by paramedics during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest shows that the King laryngeal tube was superior to the more commonly used endotracheal tube, according to findings of the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial.
“Listening-Watch” a program utilizing wearable devices and speech for two-factor authentication, thwarts potential mobile device attacks while requiring minimal effort from the user.
Ketogenic, Whole30 and paleo diets aren’t convenience diets — they can cause challenges for eating out and cause a strain on your wallet — but they do provide whole food solutions.
Tobacco-related disease is especially prevalent among African-American men. This grant provides more multidisciplinary opportunities for UAB faculty to provide solutions for tobacco cessation. Preliminary data shows that 39.9 percent of African-American men between 19 and 30 years of age in rural Alabama counties smoke cigarettes.
Doctoral student Jonathan Adams offers tips to identify and address bullying based on psychology research.
Using a mouse model, researchers have found mechanistic links between older stored red blood cell transfusions and subsequent bacterial pneumonia. This may reveal new approaches to improve safety of stored red blood cell transfusions. The key player is free heme, released from broken blood cells.
In a collaborative, multi-institutional study published by JAMA Oncology, researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, University of Chicago, and National Cancer Institute determined that MRI-based prediction models can help reduce unnecessary biopsies in suspected prostate cancer patients and help improve personalized risk stratification.
Allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation recipients are at a significantly higher risk of cognitive impairment in the years post-transplantation, according to a study published in Journal of Clinical Oncology. Published by Noha Sharafeldin, M.D., M.Sc., Ph.D., instructor in UAB’s Institute for Cancer Outcomes and Survivorship and Division of Hematology and Oncology, this study helps add a missing piece to a long-unsolved puzzle about post-transplant effects on recipients, specifically that vul…
Fatigue in cancer survivors is significantly reduced by placebo pill, even when it is known it is a fake pill.
Nirav Patel, M.D. Physician-scientists from the University of Alabama at Birmingham using “big-data” recently summarized in the Journal of the American Heart Association the prevalence of cardiovascular manifestations, rates of defibrillator placement (ICD) and predictors of in-hospital mortality in sarcoidosis — a disorder that affects multiple organs.
A new study finds that the manufacturing process of novel, nanocrystalline-diamond micro-anvils that can produce a pressure nearly two times greater than that found at the center of the Earth has proved to be “remarkably consistent” and demonstrates “a high level of reproducibility in fabrication.”
Stable, biocompatible microcapsules have gained a new power — the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species. This may aid microcapsule survival in the body as the tiny polymer capsules carry a drug or other biomolecules, or find use in antioxidant therapy or industrial applications.
In animal experiments, a human-derived glioblastoma significantly regressed when treated with the combination of an experimental enzyme inhibitor and the standard glioblastoma chemotherapy drug, temozolomide.
Researchers have created the first network map for 200 of the membrane proteins that help plants sense microbes or other stresses. The map shows how a few key proteins act as master nodes critical for network integrity, and the map also reveals unknown interactions.
Researchers have data that diabetes impairs removal of dead heart-muscle cells by macrophages after heart attacks, and that exosomes can improve this removal. Impaired removal may be the reason diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular disease, including heart failure.
Tyler Williamson went to TEDx Birmingham’s 2017 event in March expecting to be inspired and to network and make new connections with fellow attendees. What the 27-year-old did not anticipate was that inspiration would lead him to volunteer to become a living kidney donor just seven months later.
Clinicians should recommend exercise and cognitive training for patients with mild cognitive impairment — a common precursor of Alzheimer’s type dementia — according to new guidelines published online in Neurology(r).